· Sir Thomas More:
The fame of Thomas More mainly rests on his great work ‘Utopia’.
Utopia: It is originally written in Latin and it appears in English after the translation by Ralph Robinson (1551).
* The full title is ‘The Discourses of Raphael Huthloday, of the Best state of a commonwealth’.
* The book is divided into two parts.
* First Part:
It describes how More and his friend Peter Giles leave church service in Antwerp, encounter Raphael Hythloday, a Portuguese seaman who accompanied Amerigo Vespucci on his third voyage to the New world. The mariner found in Utopia, a far different world from European corruption, crime, waste and ward.
* Second Part:
Hythloday then describes that ideal state of commonwealth. The economy is communistic. A six hour day is all the work required of a man. Happiness is the highest good. The Utopians hate war and bear arms only for self-defense. There is a complete religious toleration.
* It is a powerful and original study of social condition. In ‘Utopia’ we find for the first time, as the foundation of civilized society, the three great words- Liberty, Fraternity and Equality. The book is remarkable for confident idealism, witty phrasing and fertile imagination.
* His other works are – ‘The life of John Picus’, The history of Richard-III and a number of tracts and letters.